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Logical Reasoning MDCAT Practice MCQs 2024

Logical Reasoning MCQS Introductions Logical Reasoning MDCAT Practice MCQs 2024 Here we will discuss the Logical Reasoning MCQs and How you ...


Logical Reasoning MCQS Introductions

Logical Reasoning MDCAT Practice MCQs 2024 Here we will discuss the Logical Reasoning MCQs and How you can solve and Prepare for them. As you know MDCAT which is an Entry Test exam for Medical and Dental Colleges admissions conducted by /PMC each year and more than 2 lakh students apply for the exam has included the Logical Reasoning part of their MDCAT Syllabus for 2024

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Out of 200 MCQs in MDCAT around 3% or 6 MCQs will be from Logical Reasoning Portion. Students from the FSc stream wonder a lot how is the logical Reasoning portion and how the mcqs in these portions will come. Here we will discuss all the Possible categories of Logical Reasoning MCQs and how you can prepare and solve this portion in the Exam. 

The logical Reasoning Portion is not Very tough and Easily be solved by students if students know the tricks how to attempt them. 


Definitions

Logical Reasoning (LR) MCQs are used to evaluate the ability of students how they can analyze, evaluate, and complete arguments. These questions may be compromised on short arguments drawn from a wide variety of sources. 
Students have to read and comprehend a given precise passage, then answer one question about it. This Portion will assess the skills involved in thinking and reasoning

Types of Logical Reasoning Categories are provided below. 
  • Critical thinking 
  • Letter and symbol series 
  • Logical deduction 
  • Logical problems 
  • Course of action 
  • Cause & effect

1. Critical thinking 

It is the process of evaluation that uses the personal logical ability to separate truth from falsehood or distinguish between reasonable beliefs from unreasonable beliefs.

Sample question: 

Read the passage below. Then, decide whether the following three statements are “True”, “Probably True”, “Insufficient Data to Say True or False”, “Probably False”, or “False” – based on the information given in the passage. 

Ahmed’s company has been successful for the past 5 years. Reported profits have been rising each year, with 2018 being the strongest year yet. To celebrate, Ahmed treated his staff to a meal at a 5-star restaurant in the city. 
1. Ahmed is rich. 
2. Ahmed’s staff are happy. 
3. Ahmed’s company performed well in 2023.

Answer: 
1. Probably True. 
2. Insufficient Data. 
3. True.

 2. Letters and symbol series

It is a sequential order of letters, numbers, or both which are arranged in such a way that each term in the given series is obtained according to some specific rules or sequential order. The rules may be based on any mathematical operations or the place of letters. 

Sample question

Carefully Look at the sequence of symbols provided below to assess the specific pattern. and then select the correct pattern.

Answer: 3

3. Logical deductions

It is a type of thinking in which statements and relations between statements are used in a precise manner to make conclusions that are meant by the statements and the relations. 
it also assesses a candidate's ability to use his thinking powers to deduce the most accurate response to a question from a statement.

Sample question 

There is a family of six persons G, J, B, E, T, and Z. Their professions are teacher, writer, actor, singer, dancer, and lawyer but not respectively in the same order. G is a teacher. Z is a dancer. B is neither writer nor actor. E is neither singer nor lawyer. T is an actor. J is a lawyer. From the information given above, try to answer the following question.
 
Who among them has a profession of a lawyer? 
a) J
b) B 
c) E 
d) T 

Answer: a

4. Logical problems 

It is a puzzle question that requires deductive reasoning is the skills of a person which he needs to look at different pieces of information provided in a statement in order to conclude with an answer. 

Sample question 

A lullaby is a song. No song is prose. Some proses are epics. 
Conclusions: 
I. Some proses are songs. 
II. Some epics are lullabies.
III. Some songs are lullabies. 

Which of the following is most appropriate in the above case? 
a) Only II 
b) Only III 
c) I, II, and III are inappropriate

Answer: b

5. Course of action

A course of action is a step to be taken for further action in regard to the problem. On the basis of the information given in the statement to be true, you should have to decide which of the suggested courses of action must be taken. 

Sample question 

Statement: The power supply in state X is terribly poor. 
Courses of Action: 
I) WAPDA should urgently take action against power theft.
II) The government should generate more power.
 
a) if only I is most appropriate 
b) if only II is most appropriate 
c) if either I or II is most appropriate 
d) if neither I nor II is most appropriate 
e) if both I and II are most appropriate

Answer: e, Both I and II have established facts and hence both I and II follow.

 6. Cause and effect 

It is the relationship between two things when one thing makes something else happen. people naturally seek to explain why things happen by examining events. It asserts or denies that one thing causes another, or that one thing is caused by another. 

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Sample question 

Statements: 
I. The standard of living of people of the average income group has been rising for the last two years. 
II. The Pakistani economy has been showing significant growth.

a) Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect. 
b) Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect. 
c) Both statements I and II are independent causes.
d) Both statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
e) Both statements I and II are effects of some common cause 

Answer: a

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